AntoineLouis-CIaude DESTUTT DE TRACY, economist. Commandant,
Légion d’Honneur; Member, L’lnst. de France, 1794; Member, Académie Française, 1808.
DESTUTT DE TRACY, AntoineLouis-CIaude was born in 1754 in Paris, France.
Wrote a treatise on economics as part of a series of Eléments d’idéologie begun in 1801. As a philosopher in the eighteenth-century mould, he brought to economic ideas a logical rigour which was not matched with equal originality. His insistence that value should be measured in invariant units just as other quantities are measured in given units was taken up by Ricardo.
His concept of ‘ideology’ was taken up and transformed by Marx and Engels. Army officer and politician.