Sir Arthur Charles Clarke was a British author, who became the most famous science fiction writer in the world after the release of the film 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968). Medal, Franklin Institute; Award 1969; Award 1974; Award 1972; Award 1974; Award 1974; Award 1979; Medal 1984; Medal 1986; Award 1987.
Arthur Charles Clarke was born on December 16, 1917 to a family (Charles W. Clarke and Mary N. Willis) of an English farmer in the seaside town of Minehead, in the county of Somerset in southwestern England, on December 16, 1917. As a child, he enjoyed stargazing and reading American science fiction magazines, which sparked his lifelong enthusiasm for space sciences. After moving to London in 1936, Clarke was able to pursue his interest further by joining the British Interplanetary Society (BIS.) He worked with astronautic material in the Society, contributed to the BIS Bulletin, and began writing science fiction.
At the age of 10, Clark got acquainted with science fiction when he was presented with a magazine issue of «Amazing Stories». When he was 13, his father died. He was a veteran of World War I. His death seriously affected the life of Clark as well as his future works. After finishing school in 1936, he moved to London, where he was hired as an auditor in the Treasury. He also joined the British Interplanetary Society. One of its goals was the promotion of the idea of space flight.
In 1948 he graduated with honors from King's College, London, where he studied physics and mathematics. After the war he earned a first-class degree in mathematics and physics at King's College London. Afterwards, he worked as Assistant Editor at Physics Abstracts. Clarke served as Chairman of the British Interplanetary Society from 1946 to 1947 and again from 1951 to 1953
Chairman British Interplanetary Society 1946-1947, 1950-1953. Assistant; Fellow, Third World Academy, of Sciences 1987.
Honorary Doctor of Science (Beaver College) 1971, (Moratuwa) 1979, Honorary Doctor of Letters (Bath) 1988.
His first professional science fiction publication is the story "Loophole. Early in his career, Clarke was fascinated by paranormal phenomena and stated that it was part of the inspiration for his novel Childhood's End.
Arthur C. Clarke made an undoubted contribution to the fantasy genre, and became a coauthor of the script of the famous film "2001: A Space Odyssey" (1968), directed by Stanley Kubrick. Somewhat later, Clark published the novel "2001: A Space Odyssey" which marked the beginning of a series of four books.
Among Arthur C. Clarke's best known novels are "Childhood's End" (1953), "The City and the Stars" (1956), "Rendezvous with Rama" (1973), "The Fountains of Paradise" (1979).
In 2000, Clarke told the Sri Lankan newspaper, The Island, "I don't believe in God or an afterlife," and he identified himself as an atheist.
A famous quotation of Clarke's is often cited: "One of the great tragedies of mankind is that morality has been hijacked by religion."
Royal Society Arts; British Interplanetary Society (chairman 1947-50, 53)
1947 - 1950
Fellow Royal Astronomical Society
International Council Integrative Studies
American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
Institute Engineers Sri Lanka (named honorary fellow 1983)
1956 - 2008
Sri Lanka Astronomical Society
Royal Astronomical Society
Association British Sci. Writers (life)
International Academy Astronautics
World Academy Art and Sci.
National Space Institute (director)
British Sci. Fiction Association (president)
Royal Society Arts
British Sub-Aqua Club
British Astronomical Association
H.G. Wells Society (honorary vice president)
Sci. Fiction Writers American
International Sci. Writers Association
Sci. Fiction Foundation
Society Authors (council)
American Astronautical Association
American Association for Advancement of Sci.
National Academy Engineering
Third World Academy of Scis. (associate fellow)
Sri Lanka Animal Welfare Association
Sri Lanka Association Advancement Sci.
Sri Lanka National Institute Paraplegics
Astronomical Society Haringey
Society Satellite Profls. (honorary chairman, Hall of Fame 1987)
National Space Society (board directors, Resident Advisor Heinlein Memorial award 1990)
Royal Asiatic Society
Astronomical Society Pacific
National Academy Engineering (foreign associate).
Sport & Clubs
Clark was married to an American Marilyn Mayfield in 1953, an attractive young woman, whom he met during his trip to the United States in 1953. After a whirlwind romance lasting less than three weeks, they got married in New York in June of the same year. However, it soon became clear that the marriage was unsuccessful. Clark spent most of his time reading and writing, talking about his work. In addition, he wanted to become a father, and Marilyn, who had a son from a previous marriage, could not have children because of an unsuccessful operation at the birth of her first child. In December, the couple separated, although, officially the divorce procedure was completed only in 1964.