Master of Laws, Harvard University. Doctor of Laws, University Leyden, The Netherlands, 1968.
Permanent representative of The Netherlands to European Economic Community, Brussels, 1964-1970. Representative The Netherlands Embassy, Buenos Aires, 1970-1973, East Berlin, 1973-1976. Deputy permanent representative of The Netherlands to North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Brussels, 1982-1986.
Ambassador The Netherlands Embassy, Ankara, 1986-1989. Ambassador, permanent representative of The Netherlands to European Union, Brussels, 1992—2003. Partner Praaning Meines Consultancy Group, since 2003.
Minister foreign affairs The Hague, Netherlands, 1989-1992, Netherlands, 2003—2007. Board directors Foundation "Journalistes en Europe", Paris.
Married Christine M. Pathy, June 16, 1962. Children: Theo, Christine, Bernard.