Carl Spaatz Edit Profile
Bachelor of Science, United States Military Academy, 1914. Student Aviation School, San Diego, California, 1915-1916. Graduate Tactical School, 1925, Command and General staff schedul, 1936.
Commissioned Second lieutenant, United States Army, 1914, and advanced to brigadier general, 1940, general, 1945. With 25th Infantry, Hawaii, 1914-1915. With 1st Aero Squadron, New Mexico, 1916, later with Punitive Expedition, Mexican border.
3d Aero Squadron, Texas, 1917. Became major, 31st Aero Squadron, American Expeditionary Force, August 1917. Officer in charge of training, Issoudon, France, November 1917-September 1918.
Became commander pursuit squadron. Brought down 2 enemy planes in St. Mihiel offensive (awarded Distinguished Service Cross). Assistant air officer Western Department, San Francisco, 1919-1920.
Charge Flying Circus, flying over United States in connection with Victory Loan drive, 1919. Commanded Mather Field, California, July-October 1920. Commanding officer Kelly Field, Texas, 1920-1921.
Air officer 8th Corps Area, 1921. Commanded 1st Pursuit Group, Selfridge Field, Michigan, 1922-1924. Office of Chief of Air Service, 1925-1929.
Refueling flight, Los Angeles, 1929 (awarded Distinguished Flying Cross for record established). Commander 7th Bombardment Group. Rockwell Field, California, later commanding officer of Rockwell Field, 1929-1931.
Commanding officer 1st Bombardment Wing, March Field, California, 1931-1933. Chief of training and operations division, Office of Chief of Air Corps, 1933-1935. Executive officer, 2d Wing, Air Force, 1936-1939.
Chief Plans Division, Air Corps, 1940. Chief of air staff, 1941. Assigned chief air force Combat Command, 1942.
Chief air adviser to General Eisenhower, N. Africa, December 1942. Deputy air commander N. Africa Theatre of Operations, 1943. Commander N.W. African Air Forces, Sicily, 1943.
Appointed commander in chief United States Strategic Air Force in Europe, January 1944. Appointed commander in chief, United States Strategic Air Force against Japan, July 1945. Assigned Headquarters A.A.F., Washington, October 1945.
Commanding General Army Air Forces, 1946. Chief of staff, Air Force, Department of Defense, 1947-1948. Retired from Army Air Force July 1948.
Club: Army and Navy (Washington).
Married Ruth Harrison, 1917. Children: Katherine Harrison, Rebecca Wayne, Carla.
Grand Officer Legion of Honor, Crois de Guerre (France). Order of Suvorov, 2d° (Russia). Comdr’s. Cross with Star, Order of Polonia Restituta (Poland).
Grand Commander of British Empire (Great Britain). Order of Orange-Nassau (Netherlands). Order of Crown with Palm, Croix de Guerre with Palm (Belgium).
Contributing editor Newsweek Magazine.