Master of Arts University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom, 1938. Master of Arts University Oxford, 1945.
Professor Statistics, University Oxford,
1949-1950. Reader Economics, Professor Economics Statistics, Emeritus Professor, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom, 1959-1969, 1969-1978, 1976-1979. Professor Fellow Emeritus, Trinity College Cambridge, since 1979.
Co-editor, Economic Journal, 1971-1975.
Explanation of economic inequality of various types. The unequal experience during the 1930s of different regions and of different types of industry in the United Kingdom. Models of personal distribution of income and wealth, using stochastic variables to represent miscellaneous influences.
Estimation from time-series and other economic statistics. Bayesian methods. Effects of ignorance and disagreement about the economic future on the working of market mechanisms.