Queen's University (Bachelor of Arts, 1963. Bachelor of Laws, 1966). Osgoode Hall (Master of Laws Appointed Queen's Counsel, 1985.
Worked at Smith Lyons (Toronto, Ontario) specializing in Administrative and Public, Corporate and Commercial, Intellectual Property, Mergers and Acquisitions, Trade. Admitted to the bar, 1968, Ontario.
Canadian Bar Association. The Canadian Tax Foundation. Patent and Trademark Institute of Canada.\r\nUnited States Trademark Association.