Bachelor of Science University London, 1956. Doctor of Philosophy Princeton University, 1960.
Visiting Lector, University California Berkeley, 1959-1960. Lector, University Edinburgh, 1960-1963. Lector, Reader, University Sussex, 1963-1966, 1966-1969.
Visiting Professor, Rice University, Texas, 1965. Visiting Fellow, Institute, Institution Advanced Study, Princeton University, 5, American National University, 1983. Visiting Professor, Tulane University, LO, 1984.
Professor History Economics, University Sussex, Brighton, England, since 1969. Book Review Editor, Economic Journal, 83. Editorial Board, History of Political Economy, 1969-1984.
My main interest has always been concentrated on the history of economic thought, usually with particular reference to the relationship between theory and policy. Early work on the classical period was followed by studies of Keynesian ideas in twentieth-century Britain, the United States,
and Sweden. In recent years my interests have returned to the classical period, beginning with work on Adam Smith’s politics considered within its eighteenth-century context and followed by related work on the connections between political economy and the science of politics in Britain during the nineteenth century.
My historiographic preferences favour non-teleological history, and I would now describe myself more as an intellectual historian concerned with economic, social and political ideas, than as a historian of economic thought, tout court.