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Edmund Kirby Smith

army officer , educator , university president

Edmund Kirby Smith, American army officer, educator, university president.

Background

Smith, Edmund Kirby was born on May 16, 1824 in St. Augustine, Florida, United States. Son of Joseph Lee and Frances (Kirby) Smith.

Education

Graduated from the United States Military Academy, 1845.

Career

Brevetted Second lieutenant United States Infantry, 1845. Brevetted for gallantry at Cerro Gordo and Contreras in Mexican War, 1846-1848. Assistant professor mathematics United States Military Academy, 1849-1852.

Promoted captain 2d Cavalry, 1855, major, 1860. Commissioned lieutenant colonel of cavalry Confederate Army, 1861. Brigadier general in command 4th Brigade, Army of Shenandoah, 1861.

Commissioned major general, 1861. In command department of East Tennessee, Kentucky, North Georgia, Western North Carolina, 1862. Lieutenant general, 1862.

In command Trans-Mississippi department, 1863. Commissioned general, 1864. Last Confederate officer to surrender his force.

President insurance company. President Atlantic & Pacific Telegraph Company, 1866-1868. Active layman Protestant Episcopal Church.

President U. Nashville, 1870-1875. Professor mathematics University of South, Sewanee, Tennessee, 1875-1893. Last surviving full general of either United States or Confederate Army.

Religion

"Peculiar institution" of slavery was not only expedient but also ordained by God and upheld in Holy Scripture.

Politics

Stands for preserving slavery, states' rights, and political liberty for whites. Every individual state is sovereign, even to the point of secession.

Connections

Married Cassie Selden, September 24, 1861, 11 children.

father:
Joseph Lee Smith

mother:
Frances (Kirby) Smith

spouse:
Cassie Selden