Eveline attended Seatham Secondary School, then entered the London School of Economics at age 16 and graduated in 1920, earning a Bachelor of Surgery with first class honors. After the award of her Doctor of Philosophy in 1926, she gained a Laura Spelman Rockefeller Fellowship.
Born Eveline Mabel Richardson in London, England, she was the only child of Eveline Maud Falkner and Frederick Haig Richardson. She became professor of Social Work at Columbia University in 1928. In 1933, during the Great Depression, she returned to England in 1933 to study unemployment programs.
During the following years she served with the American Association for Social Security, the Social Welfare Committee of the Young Women’s Christian Association and the Executive Board of the Women"s Club of New New York
From 1939–1943 she was head of the economic security and health section of the National Resources Planning Board. In the 1940s, she was the Anna Shaw Lecturer at Bryn Mawr College and a professor at Columbia.
From 1953–1954 she was vice-president and president of the American Economic Association. In 1954 she was awarded the Adam Smith Medal for outstanding economic research.
The same year she received a Guggenheim Fellowship.
Between 1950–1958, she held various posts in the National Conference on Social Welfare. In 1968 she was given the Blanche Ittelson Award. During her career she published multiple works on social welfare.
She died at Saint Mary"s Hospital in Newton, Pennsylvania.
Arthur and Eveline did not have any children.
In 1934, as a member of President Franklin Doctorate. Roosevelt"s Committee on Economic Security, she helped design the United States Social Security Acting of 1935.