LASSALLE, Ferdinand was born in 1825 in Breslau, Germany.
Student at Breslau, Berlin and Paris.
Prussian socialist leader who organised the first German workers’ party, the Allgemeiner Deutscher Arbeiterverein, in 1863. Joined with Marx in 1848 but retained his Hegelian belief that ideas were to some extent independent of economic circumstances. His version of socialism was one in which the State would grant workers capital or credit to form co-operatives.
The coops would enable the workers to enjoy profits as well as wages and thus escape what he called ‘the iron law of wages’,
e. subsistence wages. His opposition to laissez faire liberalism led him into an unlikely alliance with Bismarck, which he hoped would result in the granting of universal suffrage. He was killed in a duel before this alliance came to fruition.