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Gabriel García Márquez (Gabriel José de la Concordia García Márquez) Edit Profile

writer

Gabriel José de la Concordia García Márquez is a Colombian novelist, short-story writer, screenwriter and journalist, known affectionately as Gabo throughout Latin America. Considered one of the most significant authors of the 20th century, he was awarded the 1972 Neustadt International Prize for Literature and the 1982 Nobel Prize in Literature, and is the earliest remaining living recipient.

Background

Ethnicity: Gabriel García Márquez was born on March 6, 1928 in the town of Aracataca, Colombia, to Gabriel Eligio García and Luisa Santiaga Márquez. Soon after García Márquez was born, his father became a pharmacist. In January 1929, his parents moved to Sucre while García Marquez stayed in Aracataca. He was raised by his maternal grandparents, Doña Tranquilina Iguarán and Colonel Nicolás Ricardo Márquez Mejía. When he was nine, his grandfather died, and he moved to his parents' home in Sucre where his father owned a pharmacy.

He was raised by his grandparents, who taught him the legends, folklore, and language of the region. In 1940 he left for BogotáBogota to study with the Jesuits. He began his career in law but then took up journalism, working for El Espectador, where his first stories were published. He pursued a self-directed education that resulted in his leaving law school for a career in journalism. From early on, he showed no inhibitions in his criticism of Colombian and foreign politics. In 1958, he married Mercedes Barcha; they have two sons, Rodrigo and Gonzalo.



He started as a journalist, and has written many acclaimed non-fiction works and short stories, but is best known for his novels, such as One Hundred Years of Solitude (1967) and Love in the Time of Cholera (1985). His works have achieved significant critical acclaim and widespread commercial success, most notably for popularizing a literary style labeled as magic realism, which uses magical elements and events in otherwise ordinary and realistic situations. Some of his works are set in a fictional village called Macondo (the town mainly inspired by his birthplace Aracataca), and most of them express the theme of solitude.

Education

Attended the University of Bogota and graduated from the Colombia Univerity with the degree of Doctor of Law.

Career

Author: (novels/short stories in English translation) Leaf Storm, and Other Stories, 1955, No One Writes to the Colonel, 1961, In Evil Hour, 1961 (Esso Lit. prize, Colombia, 1961), One Hundred Years of Solitude, 1967 (Chianciano award, Italy, 1969, Prix de Meilleur Livre, France, 1969, Romulo Gallegos prize, Venezuela, 1972, Books Abroad/ Neustadt International prize for lit., 1972), Innocent Eréndira, and Other Storis, 1972, The Autumn of the Patriarch, 1975, Chronicle of a Death Foretold, 1981, Collected Stories, 1984, Love in the Time of Cholera, 1988 (LA Time Book Prize for fiction, 1988), Collected Novellas, 1990, The General in his Labyrinth, 1990, Strange Pilgrims, 1994, Love and Other Demons, 1994, Memories of My Melancholy Whores, 2004 (LA Times Book prize, 2006), (nonfiction) The Story of a Shipwrecked Sailor, 1970, Clandestine in Chile: The Adventures of Miguel Littín, 1986, News of a Kidnapping, 1996, For the Sake of a Country within Reach of the Children, 1998, Living to Tell the Tale, 2002, numerous other works pub. in Spanish

Works

  • novel

    • One Hundred Years of Solitude

    • Chronicle of a Death Foretold

  • novels

    • La hojarasca (1955; Leaf Storm and Other Stories, 1972)

Views

Quotations: “It is not true that people stop pursuing dreams because they grow old, they grow old because they stop pursuing dreams.”

Membership

  • Fellow: American Academy of Arts and Letters (honorary)

Interests

  • Other Interests

    Film, chess, books, music

    "Of course, my favorite music is that of popular origin. I am committed to popular music, and while I might have reached the peak of fame, I’m a man of the people, that’s my essence. I know and feel my preferentially popular world. I have a collection of Caribbean music, that’s what most interests me, without exception. From the songs of Rafael Hernández and the Matamoros Trio, to the plenas of Puerto Rico, the drums of Panama. The polos of the Isle of Margarita in Venezuela, or the merengues of the Dominican Republic. And, of course, what has most to do with my life and my books, the vallenato songs of the Caribbean coast of Colombia. One Hundred Years of Solitude is a giant vallenato. I saw my first accordion when I was very young, a veritable revelation for me. Later I discovered literature and realized that the procedure is the same."

Connections

father:
Gabriel Eligio Garcia

mother:
Luisa Santiaga Marquez Iguaran

son:
Rodrigo García
Rodrigo García - son of Gabriel García Márquez (Gabriel José de la Concordia García Márquez)

son:
Gonzalo García Barcha