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Hiram Rhoades Revels Edit Profile

clergyman , educator , politician

Hiram Rhoades Revels was an African American clergyman and university administrator, was the first black American to sit in the U. S. Senate.

Background

Hiram Revels was born of free parents on September 27, 1822, in Fayetteville, N. C.

Education

His early education was limited, since it was illegal in North Carolina at that time to teach African Americans, slave or free, to read or write.

As soon as he was able, he moved to Union County, Ind. , to further his education at a Quaker seminary.

Eventually he moved to Illinois and graduated from Knox College at Bloomington.

Career

In 1845 he was ordained a minister of the African Methodist Episcopal Church in Baltimore, Md. As a minister, Revels served African American churches in Ohio, Kentucky, Illinois, Indiana, and Tennessee. He finally settled in Baltimore, where he became minister of a church and principal of a school for blacks. When the Civil War began in 1861, he helped organize the first two regiments of black soldiers from the state of Maryland. In 1863 Revels moved to St. Louis, established a school for African American freedmen, and recruited another regiment of black soldiers. In 1864 he joined the Federal forces in Mississippi as chaplain to an African American regiment. For a short time he was provost marshal of Vicksburg. For 2 years he worked with the Freedmen's Bureau and established several schools and churches for African Americans near Jackson and Vicksburg. In 1866 Revels settled in Natchez, Miss. He joined the Methodist Episcopal Church in 1868, the year he was elected alderman. In 1870 he was elected as a Republican to fill an unexpired term in the U. S. Senate, where he served until March 1871. As a senator, he was dignified and respected; his political views, however, were somewhat conservative. After retiring from the Senate, Revels returned to Mississippi to serve as president of Alcorn College (1871 - 1874). He was removed from his post for political reasons but was appointed president of Alcorn again in 1876. Following this second term, he returned to church work in Holly Springs, Miss.

Achievements

  • Hiram Rhoades Revels became the first black citizen to be elected to the U. S. Senate (1870–71), during Reconstruction.

    Revels supported racial equality and worked to reassure his fellow senators about the capability of African Americans.

    He established several schools and churches for African Americans.