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Ingmar Bergman Edit Profile

also known as Ernst Ingmar Bergman

Producer , writer , Film director

Bergman is a swedish producer and director of films and plays.

Bergman was an active and productive stagedirector all his life, though he won international recognition for his works inthe area of cinema.

He had hip surgery in October 2006 but he managed to recover, though it was difficult for him. He died peacefully as he was sleeping, at his home on Fårö, on 30 July 2007, at the age of 89.


Ingmar Bergman was brought up with his elder brother Dag and sister Margareta in a religious family. Ingmar

had a strict father, who was a conservative parish minister with strict parenting ideas. Ingmar was locked up

in the dark closet for "violations" like wetting the bed.

Being 9 years old, Ingmar sold a set of tin soldiers for a magic lantern, a possession that changed his further

life. He created his own scenery, puppets, and lighting effects and performed puppet productions of

Strindberg plays in which he dubbed all the parts.

In 1934 at the age of 16, he was sent to Germany for the summer vacation with the friends of his family. He visited a Nazi rally in Weimar at which he saw Adolf Hitler. Bergman did two five-month periods of mandatory military service.


He studied in the secondary Palmgrenska school.

During his studies at the university, Bergman spent most of his time involved in a student theatre and then became a

so-called "genuine movie addict". At the same time there was a break with his father that lasted for years due to the Ingmar’s romantic involvement. Although he did not graduate, he wrote a number of plays, as well as an opera, and became an assistant director at a theater.

Educated at Stockholm University, he began his career in 1940 as a producer at the Royal Theater Stockholm and as a scriptwriter and producer for the Swedish Film Company.


After seeing the Caspar's Death members

of Svensk Filmindustri offered Bergman a position of a script writer.

Bergman's film career began in 1941 with his

rewriting of scripts. However, Ingmar made his first success in 1944 when he

wrote the screenplay for Torment/Frenzy (Hets), a film

directed by Alf Sjöberg. Ingmar

was also given a position of an assistant director to the film, though he continued

to write the screenplay. In his second autobiographical work, Images:

My Life in Film, Bergman considered that his actual film directorial debut

was the filming of the exteriors. Bergman's first opportunity to direct was

given to him a year later due to the international success of this film.

In the next ten years, he wrote and

directed more than a dozen films. Bergman

didn’t lose his efficiency for the next two decades. From the early 1960s, he

lived mainly on the Swedish island of Fårö. He made several films there. In the early 1960s he directed three

films that focused on the theme of faith and doubt in God existence. During the

60s and 70s Bergman took a position of a director and producer for Swedish television (Scenes

from a Marriage and The Magic Flute).

Bergman swore he would never again make films in Sweden

after his arrest in 1976 for tax evasion. He shut down his film studio on the

island of Fårö and briefly thought over the opportunity to work in America.

In 1982, he temporarily returned to his homeland to direct Fanny and Alexander (Fanny och Alexander).

Bergman claimed that the film is his last, and that after that he would concentrate on directing theatre plays. Since then, he created several film scripts and directed a poll of television specials. As in similar case with

previous work for television, some of these productions were performed in

theatres later. Among them was on of the latest works, Saraband (2003),

a sequel to Scenes from a Marriage which was directed by


After leaving Sweden, Bergman became a director of the Residenz Theatre of Munich,

Germany (1977–84).

He directed over sixty films and documentaries for cinematic release and for television, most of which he also wrote. He also directed over one hundred and seventy plays. Among his company of actors were Harriet Andersson, Liv Ullmann, Gunnar Björnstrand, Bibi Andersson, Erland Josephson, Ingrid Thulin and Max von Sydow. Most of his films were set in the landscape of Sweden. His major subjects were death, illness, faith, betrayal, and insanity.

The Seventh Seal won a special jury prize and was nominated for the Golden Palm at Cannes and Wild Strawberries won numerous awards for Bergman and its star, Victor Sjöström.

Bergman's films usually deal with existential questions of mortality, loneliness, and religious faith. While these topics could seem cerebral, sexual desire found its way to the foreground of most of his films.

He remained active in theatre during the 1990s and made his final production on stage with Henrik Ibsen's The Wild Duck at the Royal Dramatic Theatre in 2002. Bergman stayed in Munich until 1984.

Bergman retired from filmmaking in December 2003.


  • Bergman won a great deal of awards for his works. Besides mentioned in the list, he got a title of Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1961) and got The Dorothy and Lillian Gish Prize (1995).

    Above all, Bergman led a personal "repertory company" of Swedish actors whom he cast in his films

    repeatedly. This company consisted of Max von Sydow, Bibi Andersson, Harriet Andersson, Erland Josephson, Ingrid

    Thulin, Gunnel Lindblom, Bengt Ekerot, Anders Ek and Gunnar Björnstrand, each of whom appeared in at least five Bergman works.

  • Bergman directed over 60 films and documentaries for the cinema and for television. He also wrote scripts for most of them himself. He also directed over 170 plays. The majority of his films were screened in the landscape of Sweden. His major subjects were death, illness, faith, betrayal, and insanity.


  • Comedy Film

    • All These Women, 1964

  • Film

    • The Devil's Wanton/Prison, 1949

    • The Naked Night/Sawdust and Tinsel , 1953

    • Summer with Monika, 1953

    • The Seventh Seal, 1957

    • Wild Strawberries , 1957

    • Through a Glass Darkly, 1960

    • Winter Light, 1962

    • The Silence, 1963

    • Persona,, 1966

    • The Virgin Spring, 1960

    • Hour of the Wolf , 1968

    • Shame, 1968

    • A Passion/The Passion of Anna, 1969

    • The Serpent's Egg (1977)

    • Autumn Sonata(1978)

    • From the Life of the Marionettes(1980)

    • Cries and Whispers

    • The Best Intentions (1992)

    • The Magic Lantern (1988)

    • Images (1994)

  • Script

    • Torment(1944)

    • Caspar's Death(1942)

  • drama film

    • Fanny and Alexander(1982)

  • film version of opera

    • The Magic Flute, 1975

  • sequel

    • Saraband (2003)

  • television series

    • Scenes from a Marriage, 1973


Although raised in a devout Lutheran household, Bergman later stated that he lost his faith at age eight, and only came to terms with this fact while making Winter Light.


"For many years, I was on Hitler's side, delighted by his success and saddened by his defeats", - said Bergman.


Possibly, that Eino Kaila's(finnish philosopher) book on philosophical psychology a tremendous philosophical experience for Bergman and that he ‘built on this ground’.


  • Other Interests

    Favorite playwriters: August Strindberg, Hjalmar Bergman.