Bergman is a swedish producer and director of films and plays.
Bergman was an active and productive stagedirector all his life, though he won international recognition for his works inthe area of cinema.
He had hip surgery in October 2006 but he managed to recover, though it was difficult for him. He died peacefully as he was sleeping, at his home on Fårö, on 30 July 2007, at the age of 89.
Ingmar Bergman was brought up with his elder brother Dag and sister Margareta in a religious family. Ingmar
had a strict father, who was a conservative parish minister with strict parenting ideas. Ingmar was locked up
in the dark closet for "violations" like wetting the bed.
Being 9 years old, Ingmar sold a set of tin soldiers for a magic lantern, a possession that changed his further
life. He created his own scenery, puppets, and lighting effects and performed puppet productions of
Strindberg plays in which he dubbed all the parts.
In 1934 at the age of 16, he was sent to Germany for the summer vacation with the friends of his family. He visited a Nazi rally in Weimar at which he saw Adolf Hitler. Bergman did two five-month periods of mandatory military service.
He studied in the secondary Palmgrenska school.
During his studies at the university, Bergman spent most of his time involved in a student theatre and then became a
so-called "genuine movie addict". At the same time there was a break with his father that lasted for years due to the Ingmar’s romantic involvement. Although he did not graduate, he wrote a number of plays, as well as an opera, and became an assistant director at a theater.
Educated at Stockholm University, he began his career in 1940 as a producer at the Royal Theater Stockholm and as a scriptwriter and producer for the Swedish Film Company.
After seeing the Caspar's Death members
of Svensk Filmindustri offered Bergman a position of a script writer.
Bergman's film career began in 1941 with his
rewriting of scripts. However, Ingmar made his first success in 1944 when he
wrote the screenplay for Torment/Frenzy (Hets), a film
directed by Alf Sjöberg. Ingmar
was also given a position of an assistant director to the film, though he continued
to write the screenplay. In his second autobiographical work, Images:
My Life in Film, Bergman considered that his actual film directorial debut
was the filming of the exteriors. Bergman's first opportunity to direct was
given to him a year later due to the international success of this film.
In the next ten years, he wrote and
directed more than a dozen films. Bergman
didn’t lose his efficiency for the next two decades. From the early 1960s, he
lived mainly on the Swedish island of Fårö. He made several films there. In the early 1960s he directed three
films that focused on the theme of faith and doubt in God existence. During the
60s and 70s Bergman took a position of a director and producer for Swedish television (Scenes
from a Marriage and The Magic Flute).
Bergman swore he would never again make films in Sweden
after his arrest in 1976 for tax evasion. He shut down his film studio on the
island of Fårö and briefly thought over the opportunity to work in America.
In 1982, he temporarily returned to his homeland to direct Fanny and Alexander (Fanny och Alexander).
Bergman claimed that the film is his last, and that after that he would concentrate on directing theatre plays. Since then, he created several film scripts and directed a poll of television specials. As in similar case with
previous work for television, some of these productions were performed in
theatres later. Among them was on of the latest works, Saraband (2003),
a sequel to Scenes from a Marriage which was directed by
After leaving Sweden, Bergman became a director of the Residenz Theatre of Munich,
He directed over sixty films and documentaries for cinematic release and for television, most of which he also wrote. He also directed over one hundred and seventy plays. Among his company of actors were Harriet Andersson, Liv Ullmann, Gunnar Björnstrand, Bibi Andersson, Erland Josephson, Ingrid Thulin and Max von Sydow. Most of his films were set in the landscape of Sweden. His major subjects were death, illness, faith, betrayal, and insanity.
The Seventh Seal won a special jury prize and was nominated for the Golden Palm at Cannes and Wild Strawberries won numerous awards for Bergman and its star, Victor Sjöström.
Bergman's films usually deal with existential questions of mortality, loneliness, and religious faith. While these topics could seem cerebral, sexual desire found its way to the foreground of most of his films.
He remained active in theatre during the 1990s and made his final production on stage with Henrik Ibsen's The Wild Duck at the Royal Dramatic Theatre in 2002. Bergman stayed in Munich until 1984.
Bergman retired from filmmaking in December 2003.
All These Women, 1964
The Devil's Wanton/Prison, 1949
The Naked Night/Sawdust and Tinsel , 1953
Summer with Monika, 1953
The Seventh Seal, 1957
Wild Strawberries , 1957
Through a Glass Darkly, 1960
Winter Light, 1962
The Silence, 1963
The Virgin Spring, 1960
Hour of the Wolf , 1968
A Passion/The Passion of Anna, 1969
The Serpent's Egg (1977)
From the Life of the Marionettes(1980)
Cries and Whispers
The Best Intentions (1992)
The Magic Lantern (1988)
Fanny and Alexander(1982)
film version of opera
The Magic Flute, 1975
Scenes from a Marriage, 1973
Although raised in a devout Lutheran household, Bergman later stated that he lost his faith at age eight, and only came to terms with this fact while making Winter Light.
"For many years, I was on Hitler's side, delighted by his success and saddened by his defeats", - said Bergman.
Possibly, that Eino Kaila's(finnish philosopher) book on philosophical psychology a tremendous philosophical experience for Bergman and that he ‘built on this ground’.
Favorite playwriters: August Strindberg, Hjalmar Bergman.
Bergman first achieved worldwide success with S...Bergman first achieved worldwide success with Smiles of a Summer Night(1955), this film was nominated for the Golden Palm at Cannes in 1956 for "Best poetic humor".
won Best Foreign Film for The Virgin Spring (J...won Best Foreign Film for The Virgin Spring (Jungfrukällan) (1960),
Won Best Foreign Film for Through a Glass Dark...Won Best Foreign Film for Through a Glass Darkly (Såsom i en spegel) (1961)
Won: Best Foreign Film Fanny and Alexander (Fan...Won: Best Foreign Film Fanny and Alexander (Fanny och Alexander) (1983)
Berlin Film Festival
Won for Best Film, Wild S...Berlin Film Festival
Won for Best Film, Wild Strawberries (Smultronstället) (1957)
Berlin Film Festival, for Through a Glass Darkly
Won: Best Foreign Film, Fanny and Alexander (Fa...Won: Best Foreign Film, Fanny and Alexander (Fanny och Alexander) (1984)
Jury Special prize,
Cannes Film Festival, for The Seventh Seal (De...Cannes Film Festival, for The Seventh Seal (Det Sjunde inseglet) (1957)
Cannes Film Festival,.
Won: Best Director Brin...Cannes Film Festival,.
Won: Best Director Brink of Life (Nära livet) (1958)
Cannes Film Festival,.The Virgin Spring (Jungfr...Cannes Film Festival,.The Virgin Spring (Jungfrukällan) (1960)
Technical Grand Prize,
Cannes Film Festival, for Cries and Whispers (V...Cannes Film Festival, for Cries and Whispers (Viskningar och rop) (1972)
Palm of Palms (1997),
Cannes Film Festival
Prize of the Ecumenical Jury,
Cannes Film Festival, special award for his wh...Cannes Film Festival, special award for his whole works.
Erasmus award for contribution to arts, 1965
Golden Globe Award,
Won: Best Foreign Film Wild Strawberries (Smult...Won: Best Foreign Film Wild Strawberries (Smultronstället) (1960)
Golden Globe Award,
Won: Best Foreign Film The Virgin Spring (1961)
Golden Globe Award,
Won: Best Foreign Film Scenes from a Marriage (...Won: Best Foreign Film Scenes from a Marriage (1975)