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Irma Glicman Adelman


Irma Adelman has made an outstanding contribution to the computable general equilibrium models used in planning in collaboration with Cynthia T. Morris made ​​a pioneering attempt to apply new techniques of multivariate analysis in the research of the interactions between the economic, social and political forces in the process of economic development. economist in the field of Economic History; Economic Growth; Development; Planning Theory.


ADELMAN, Irma was born in 1930 in Rumania.


Bachelor of Science(Business Administration), Master of Arts, Doctor of Philosophy University California Berkeley, 1950, 1951, 1955.


Instructor, Lector, University California Berkeley, 1956-1957, 1957-1958. Visiting Assistant Professor, Mills College, Oakland, California, 1958-1959. Acting Assistant Professor, Assistant Professor, Stanford University, 1960-1961, 1961-1962.

Association Professor, Johns Hopkins University, 1962-1966. Professor of Economics, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois. 1966-1972; Fellow, Center Advanced Study Behavioral Sciences, Stanford, 1970-1971.

Senior Economics, Development Research Center, International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, 1971-1972. Professor of Economics, University Maryland, College Park, 1972-1979. Cleveringa Chair, Leiden University, Fellow, Netherlands Institute, Institution Advanced Study, 1977-1978.

Professor Agriculture and Resource Economics, Professor of Economics, University California Berkeley, California, United States of America, since 1979. Editorial Boards, Journal of Economic Literature, 1969-1975, American Economic Review, 1976-1978, 7. Policy Modeling, since 1979, 7.

Comp. E, since 1980; Association Editor, Journal of Development Economics, since 1974.


  • Vice-President, American Economic Association, 1979-1980. Fellow, Executive Committee,

    American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Fellow, Econometrics Society.

    Phi Beta Kappa; Order Bronze Tower, Government S. Korea.


I was first attracted to economics by a desire to contribute to the solution of the problems of worldwide poverty. Thus, my basic interest was in the study of economic development even before economic development was recognised as a modern academic subdiscipline. Several basic strands have run through all my work since the very beginning.

An interest in longand short-term economic dynamics. An interest in the quantification of qualitative phenomena. An interest in interactions among economic, social and political forces.

An interest in the analysis of institutional change. An interest in stochastic elements. And, last but not least, an interest in policies to remedy widespread and persistent poverty and inequality.

In each of these areas, my work combines empirical analysis (including data development) with a broad range of statistical and operations research techniques. I have used both inductive and deductive methodologies. Conventional, quantised, and qualitative data.

And descriptive, normative, and optimising approaches.

Much of my work deals with economic planning. With a quantitative delineation of long-term economic, institutional, and political change. And with income distribution and basic needs.

Together with Professor Cynthia Taft Morris, I pioneered the use of multivariate techniques to quantify interactions among economic, social and political forces in economic development. Together with Professor Sherman Robinson, I pioneered the development of the technique of computable general equilibrium models for economic planning and policy analysis and in its application to developing countries. My work contributed to the reorientation of the

focus of development policy toward income distribution and basic needs in the early 1970s.

My current interests are in land reform, agricultural-developmentled industrialisation, the modelling of institutional change, quantitative economic history, planning under uncertainty, and trends in income distribution and poverty.

Quotations: The proper long term goal of development policy must be…what I shall call depauperization…Depauperization has both economic and noneconomic dimensions and stresses the removal not only of material but equality important of social, political, and spiritual forms of deprivation.

Irma Adelman


  • Fellow American Academy Arts and Scis.

  • Econometric Society

  • Royal Society Encouragement Arts

  • Manufacturing and Commerce (Berkeley citation 1996); Economic Association (executive committee, vice president 1969-71).

    1969 - 1971


  • Other Interests

    Professional interests:

    Income Distribution and Poverty in Developing Countries.

    Economic Development and Institutional Change.

    Industrialization and Agricultural Policy in Developing Countries.

    Economic Planning and Operations Research.

    International Trade and Economic Development.




S. T. Morris

"Society, Politics, and Economic Development: A Quantitative Approach", Johns Hopkins University Press, 1967

Sherman Robinson

Income Distribution Policy in Developing Countries: A Case Study of Korea, Stanford University Press, 1977