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James McKeen Cattell Edit Profile

Psychologist

James McKeen Cattel was an American psychologist. He was president of the first American International Congress of Psychology; editor of many scientific publications, including the Psychological Review, American Men of Science, Scientific Monthly, and Science, and became a commander of the French Legion of Honor in 1937.

Education

He was an graduate of Lafayette College (1880), he took a Ph.D. at Leipzig in 1886 and later studied at Paris, Geneva, and Gottingen.

Career

For some time he was assistant to Professor Wilhelm Wundt at Leipzig. He held the position of lecturer at Cambridge University and Bryn Mawr College, as well as at the University of Pennsylvania, where as professor of psychology (1888-1891) he held the first chair of psychology in any university. In 1891 he accepted a call to Columbia University, where he was professor of experimental psychology (1891-1896); head of the department of anthropology (1896-1902); professor in the department of philosophy (1902-1905); and professor of psychology (1891-1917). Resigning in 1917, Cattell became first president of the Psychological Corporation. He investigated problems of human behavior, conducting research and writing reports on psychological measurements, education, scientific organization, and the various practical applications of psychological principles. He was president of the first American International Congress of Psychology; editor of many scientific publications, including the Psychological Review, American Men of Science, Scientific Monthly, and Science, and became a commander of the French Legion of Honor in 1937.