Martin, James Green was born on February 14, 1819 in Elizabeth City, North Carolina, United States. Son of William and Sophia (Dauge) Martin.
Graduated from the United States Military Academy, 1840.
At least 4 children. Fought in battles of Monterey, Vera Cruz, Churubusco and Contreras during Mexican War. Commissioned First lieutenant United States Army, 1847, captain, 1847. Brevetted major, 1847.
Adjutant general 10 regts. of North Carolina Militia, 1861, commissioned major general in command all state forces, supervisor entire defense of state, 1861. Commissioned brigadier general Confederate States Army, 1862. In command North Carolina district 1862.
Command West district North Carolina, 1864-1865.
Married Marian Read, July 12, 1844. Married second, Hetty King, February 8, 1858.