James Patton Anderson Edit Profile
Private school, northern university, law school.
Anderson, reared by a grandfather (his father had died in 1831), attended country schools and was a student at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania, from 1836 to 1840. He alternately traveled and worked at odd jobs until 1843, when he began to practice medicine, although not specifically trained, in Hernando County, Mississippi. He married a cousin, Henriette Buford Adair, on April 30, 1853, by whom he had children.
From 1843 to 1846, Anderson was sheriff of DeSoto County, Mississippi, pausing during the summers of 1844 and 1845 to study law at Montrose Law School. In 1847, he became a law partner of R. B. Mayes, and in the same year he raised a company for the Mexican War, where he served as a colonel at Tampico. A Democrat who later blamed the disruption of the Union on the Republicans, he was elected to the Mississippi House in 1850, where he was an ally of Jefferson Davis.
He opposed the Compromise of 1850 and lost his bid for reelection the following year. In 1853, he was U.S. marshal of the Washington Territory, where he compiled the territorial census. From 1855 to 1857, he served as a Democrat in the U.S. House from the Washington Territory.
He declined an offer to become governor of the territory in 1857 because he thought that secession was imminent. Instead, he moved to Florida to supervise his aunt’s plantation, “Casablanca,” in Monticello, Jefferson County. A secessionist delegate to the Florida convention, he also served on the Military Affairs and Public Lands Committees in the provisional Confederate Congress before he resigned to enter the Confederate Army.
Anderson enlisted in the Jefferson County Volunteers of the 1st Florida Regiment in the summer of 1861 and served under Braxton Bragg at Pensacola. Promoted to brigadier general on February 10,1862, he fought at Shiloh, Corinth, and Murfreesboro and commanded a division at Perryville, Kentucky, in 1862. In 1863, he distinguished himself at Chickamauga and served as a division commander at Chattanooga.
He was promoted to major general on February 17, 1864. During the last part of the Atlanta campaign, he commanded the District of Florida and saw some action around Jacksonville. After succeeding John B. Hood as commander of the Army of Tennessee, he fought battles at Ezra Church and at Jonesboro, Georgia, where he was wounded and was forced to give up active service in August 1864.
During the final days of the war, he rejoined his army in North Carolina despite his surgeon’s warning. He opposed the end of the war and never sought parole. After the war he sold life insurance, edited an agricultural magazine, and was a tax collector in Memphis, Tennessee.
"Peculiar institution" of slavery was not only expedient but also ordained by God and upheld in Holy Scripture.
Stands for preserving slavery, states' rights, and political liberty for whites. Every individual state is sovereign, even to the point of secession.