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Jiang Zemin Edit Profile
He graduated with an electrical engineering degree in 1947 from Qiaotong University in Shanghai, a prestigious higher educational institution noted for technical training in eastern China. Then he worked for a firm in Shanghai which had some connection with American business in China. At the same time Jiang Zemin was operating underground for the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).
When liberation came to Shanghai, Jiang had been promoted from engineer to operations director and deputy plant manager and party secretary within the firm. He was sent to Moscow in 1955 for a year's training at the Stalin auto factory. In 1956 Jiang returned to Shanghai serving, after numerous promotions, until 1962 to be in charge of the electrical research institute for the First Machine ministry.
The second factor was his family background. There is scanty information about Jiang's father except he was the eldest son of a shipping executive who had many children. However, Jiang was adopted by his uncle who in 1929 joined tlie CCP while a student at an art academy in Shanghai. When the anti-Japanese war broke out in 1937, the uncle was dispatched to his ancestral province of Anhui where he was the special Party (CCP) secretary working closely with the then new Fourth Route Army under Marshal Chen Yi in Anhui.
Jiang's uncle was executed in 1939 by the landlord armed band. To this day the uncle has been remembered as a revolutionary martyr in the CCP. As the adopted son of the revolutionary martyr, Jiang Zemin has the necessary family background to be considered for high positions in the party, in addition to the family's connections, through the uncle, with many top level leaders of the party since the founding of the People's Republic in 1949. This family background of revolutionary lineage certainly was a factor in Deng Xiaoping's choice of Jiang Zemin as Party chief after sacking Zhao Ziyang during the Tiananmen student demonstration in June 1989.
The third possible contributing factor in Deng Xiaoping's selection of Jiang Zemin to replace the embattled Zhao Ziyang was the manner in which Jiang, as Party secretary for Shanghai, and Zhu Rongji, as the city's mayor, handled the massive student demonstration in Shanghai in the spring of 1989. Jiang's decision to ban the publication of a more liberal economic journal and the joint agreement with Zhu Rongji to organize and dispatch a worker-picket brigade to maintain street order and control student demonstrations in Shanghai without using force won praise from Deng Xiaoping. Also, Deng seemed to have been impressed by Jiang’s plan for developing Shanghai as China’s premier industrial metropolis.
Although Jiang lacked wide-based support from the Party-government bureaucracy and from the military establishment in the initial years of his
ascendancy as the head of the “third-generation leadership core，he had the consistent and firm backing of Deng Xiaoping, who made firm appeals to the Party-government military top leaders to pledge their allegiance to Jiang Zemin. By 1992-1993 when the Fourteenth Party Congress and the Eighth National Peopled Congress convened, Jiang had been named, for the first time since Mao, not only the Party chief and chairman of the powerful Military Affairs Committee, but also the president of the republic.
It was really no surprise to many that Jiang chose to elevate Zhu Rongji, a knowledgeable and proven economic manager，to vice-premier in 1992, for Jiang had realized by then that his role as Deng’s successor depended to a large extent on how well economic reforms and growth policies were to be implemented. Jiang must have reasoned that China’s future well being after Deng rested on economic stability and progress. Reforms that involved the overhauling of the inefficient state-owned enterprises, the debt-ridden banking system, the vast bureaucracy with rampant corruption, and the burdensome government subsidies, all of these were not easy tasks to accomplish. From that point of view Jiang needed a capable chief administrator like Zhu Rongji to provide not only continued economic growth, but social stability as well.
The paramount mission for Jiang Zemin is to provide continued economic growth in order to deter possible social unrest as more people become unemployed and lose their traditional social security nets such as state pension and housing.
Jiang, who was believed to have a neo-conservative slant, warned against "bourgeois liberalization".
It has been reported that Jiang can recite verbatim, in English, Lincoln Get-tysburg Address. He is an avid reader whose readings include works of Tolstoy and Mark Twain. While in college at Shanghai^ Qiaotong University, he acquired a fondness for music and learned to play the piano. He can also play the traditional Chinese two-string instrument known as the erhu. On occasion he sings popular, as well as Russian, folk songs.
Jiang Zemin is married and has two grown sons—one has a doctorate from the University of Texas and the other is a computer specialist. Jiang has a working knowledge of Russian and a good command of English.
- Wang Yeping - Chinese
- Jiang Mianheng
- Jiang Miankang
June 24, 1989 - November 15, 2002
November 9, 1989 - September 19, 2004
March 27, 1993 - March 15, 2003
March 19, 1999 - March 8, 2005