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John Tyler Morgan

general , lawyer , Military , politician

John Tyler MORGAN, General, lawyer, military, politician.


MORGAN, John Tyler was born on June 20, 1824 in Athens, Tennessee, United States, United States. Son of the merchant and planter George Morgan and his wife Frances (Irby).


Private school.


The family moved to Calhoun County, Alabama, in 1833. He attended the pioneer school of Charles P. Samuel and studied law under William P. Chilton before being admitted to the Tuskegee, Alabama, bar in 1845. He was a devout Methodist and a secessionist Democrat.

Morgan married Cornelia Willis on February 11,1846. They had two sons and two daughters. Morgan practiced law in Tuskegee before moving to Selma in 1855.

Active in political life, he held no prewar office. He was a presidential elector on the John C. Breckinridge ticket, and at the state convention he was aligned with William Lowndes Yancey. When the Civil War began, he enlisted in the Confederate Army.

He recruited a mounted Alabama regiment for the Confederate Army and served under General N. B. Forrest in mid-Tennessee during 1861-1862. He declined a promotion to brigadier general on June 6, 1863, but accepted a later promotion to the same rank on November 17, 1863. Morgan participated in the Knoxville campaign and also distinguished himself in his harassment of Sherman during the Atlanta campaign.

He fought in North Carolina as well. In the last days of the war, he recruited Mississippi Negroes for enlistment in the Confederate Army. There is no record of his surrender.

When the war ended, he returned to his Tuskegee law practice. During Reconstruction, he advocated local self- government and white supremacy. In 1876, he was a Democratic elector for Samuel Tilden, and the same year he was elected to the U.S. Senate from Alabama.

He served for over thirty years. During his fifth term, he became a Populist. Morgan, who was also chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the Senate, was perhaps best known for his persistent efforts on behalf of the construction of the Panama Canal.


"Peculiar institution" of slavery was not only expedient but also ordained by God and upheld in Holy Scripture.


Stands for preserving slavery, states' rights, and political liberty for whites. Every individual state is sovereign, even to the point of secession.