Magruder, John Bankhead was born on August 15, 1810 in Winchester, Virginia, United States. Son of Thomas and Elizabeth (Bankhead) Magruder.
Graduated from the United States Military Academy, 1830.
General in command all forces on Virginia Peninsula, with headquarters at Yorktown. Major general, distinguished himself at Malvern Hill, also all of Seven Days’ battles before Richmond, 1861. General under Prince Maximilian in Mexico.