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Josiah Gorgas Edit Profile

army officer , educator

Josiah Gorgas, American army officer, educator.


Gorgas, Josiah was born on July 1, 1818 in Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, United States. Son of Joseph and Sophia (Atkinson) Gorgas.


Graduated from the United States Military Academy, 1841. Went abroad to study ordnance and arsenals of European armies, 1845.


Ordnance, Mexican War, 1847-1848, commissioned captain, 1855. Commissioned major, chief of ordnance Confederate Army, 1861. Established armories for making arms, Richmond, Virginia and Fayetteville, North Carolina.

Set up arsenals throughout South. Responsible for founding a cannon foundry and central laboratory at Macon, Georgia. Brought about steady improvements in products of foundries and armories despite difficulties of Confederate system.

Brigadier general, by November 1864. Became manager Brierfield Iron Works in Alabama after war. Became headmaster Junior department University of South, Sewanee, Tennessee, 1869, professor engineering, 1870, vice chancellor, 1872.

President U. Alabama, 1878-1879, librarian of university, 1879-1882.


Married Amelia Gayle, December 1853. Children: William C., Jesse, Mary, Amelia, Maria, Richard H. Served as Lieutenant.

Joseph Gorgas

Sophia (Atkinson) Gorgas

Amelia Gayle

William C. Gorgas

Jesse Gorgas

Mary Gorgas

Amelia Gorgas

Maria Gorgas

Richard H. Served as lt Gorgas