Log In

Krzysztof Penderecki

composer , conductor

Krzysztof PENDERECKI, Polish composer and conductor. Award, Polish Institute; State Prize (1st Class) 1968; Award for Magnificat 1977; Medal of Paris 1982; Order of Banner of Labour (1st Class) 1983; Order of Merit (Fed.


PENDERECKI, Krzysztof was born on November 23, 1933 in Debica, Cracow District. Son of Tadeusz and Zofia Penderecki.


Jagellonian University, Cracow and State Higher Music School, Cracow. Composition first with Skolyszewski, later with Malawski and Wiechowicz, Cracow. From State Higher Music School, Cracow 1958.


Lecturer in Composition, State Higher Music School (now Music Academy), Cracow 1958-1966, Professor Extraordinary 1972-1975, Professor since 1975, Rector 1972-1987. Professor, of Composition, Folkwang Hochschule fur Musik, Essen 1966-1968. Musical Adviser, Vienna Radio 1970-1971.

Professor, of Composition, Yale University, United States of America 1973-1978. Honorary; Minister of Culture and Art.


  • Achievements include creating original notational system allowing aleatory freedom for performer within sections of precise duration.



Member American Academy of Arts and Letters (honorary), Royal Academy Museum London (honorary), National Academy of Santa Cecilia (Rome) (honorary), Royal Swedish Academy Music, Academy of Kuenste West Berlin (extraordinary member), National Academy of Bellas Artes (Buenos Aires) (correspondent), International Academy Philosophy and Art (Berne), National Academy of Sciences, Belles-lettres et Arts (Bordeaux), Academy Scientiarium et Artium Europaea (Salzburg), L'Ordre de Saint Georges de Bourgogne (officer, Brussels), American Academy Arts and Letters, Bay. Academy des Schönen Künste.


Married Elzbieta Solecka. Children: Lukasz, Dominique.

Tadeusz Penderecki

Zofia Penderecki

Elzbieta Solecka

Lukasz Penderecki

Dominique Penderecki