Bachelor, Colgate University, 1951. Master of Arts, Columbia University, 1954. Doctor of Philosophy, Columbia University, 1960.
Part-time lecturer, Hofstra College, Hempstead, New York, 1956-1957;
lecturer, New School for Social Research, New York City, 1957;
acting instructor, Professor of English, Stanford (California) U., since 1957;
professor emeritus English, Stanford (California) U., since 1994. Consultant panelist National Endowment for Humanities, Washington, 1974-1975. Reader National Humanities Center, North Carolina, 1986.
Film editor Christianity and Crisis, New York City, 1965-1966.
(Book by Ruotolo, Lucio P.)
Co-chairman Stanford/Palo Alto (California) Democratic Club, 1968. Co-president of the board Palo Alto Chamber Orchestra, 1980. Board directors Peninsula Drama Guild, Palo Alto, 1964-1967.
Member Modern Language Association, Virginia Woolf Society (president 1983-1987).
Married Marcia Mauney, June 11, 1960. Children: Cristina, Vanessa, Peter.