Robespierre was born on May 6, 1758 in Arras, Artois, France. His father, François Maximilien Barthélémy de Robespierre, was a lawyer at the Conseil d'Artois. He married Jacqueline Marguerite Carrault, the daughter of a brewer. The couple went on to have several other children, Charlotte (born in 1760), Henriette (born in 1761), and Augustin (born in 1763).
Sadly, Madame de Robespierre died in 1764, a few days after giving birth to a stillborn child. Maximilien’s father abandoned his family after the death of his wife. He travelled extensively across Europe and only went back home to Arras occasionally. He followed his wife to the grave in November 1777, leaving the children to be raised by his two sisters.