Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was born at Salonika, Greece, on March 12, 1881. Only one of Mustafa's siblings, a sister named Makbule (Atadan) survived childhood; she died in 1956. According to Andrew Mango, his family was Muslim, Turkish-speaking and precariously middle-class. His father Ali Rıza is thought to have been of Albanian origin by some authors. His mother Zübeyde is thought to have been of Turkish origin.