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Raisa Maksimovna Maksimovna GORBACHEVA

First Lady of the Soviet Union

Raisa Maksimovna GORBACHEVA, First Lady of the Soviet Union. President, Cultural Heritage Commission, since 1987.


GORBACHEVA, Raisa Maksimovna was born in 1934 in Stavropol.


Stavropol Teachers’ Training College.


Both parents were doctors. Holds a degree in philosophy from Moscow University, 1957. Lecturer in philosophy (Marxism) at the same university.

Married Gorbachev in early 1960. Her daughter, Irina, is also a doctor. Known as a patron of the arts in the Soviet Union.

Since her husband took up office in March 1985, has accompanied him everywhere, the first among the Soviet leaders’ wives to do so (with the exception of Nina Petrovna Khrushcheva). Made a favourable impression in the West with her intelligence, taste and looks. Known for her love of music, and knowledge of English and French.

Has broken the Soviet leadership tradition of invisible wives. and takes a high profile in cultural, diplomatic and political life at the side of her husband.


Religion is a tool used by the ruling classes for the masses to relieve their suffering via the act of experiencing religious emotions.


Communist Party is the leading force of Soviet society, and the nucleus of all state and public organizations.


President, Cultural Heritage Commission, since 1987.

  • President, Cultural Heritage Commission, since 1987


[{"type":"spouse","name":"Mikhail Gorbachev"}]

Mikhail Gorbachev