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Ray Douglas Bradbury

writer , author

Ray Douglas Bradbury was one of the most celebrated 20th-century American writers noted for his poetic blend of science fiction and fantasy. He rejected being categorized as a science fiction author, claiming that his work was based on the fantastical and unreal. He is best known for his novel Fahrenheit 451 (1953) and for the science fiction stories gathered together as The Martian Chronicles (1950).

Background

Ethnicity: His father's parents were of English origin. Mother was a Swedish immigrant.

Bradbury was born on August 22, 1920 in Waukegan, Illinois. He was given the middle name "Douglas," after the actor Douglas Fairbanks.

The writer's father, Leonard Spalding Bradbury (1891-1957), was a descendant of the English settler, who crossed the Atlantic and settled in North America in 1630. Mother Bradbury, Marie Esther Moberg (1888-1966), was a Swede.

The Bradbury family moved to Los Angeles, California in 1934.

He lived at home until he was twenty-seven and married.

Bradbury died in Los Angeles, California, on June 5, 2012, at the age of 91, after a lengthy illness.

Education

Bradbury graduated from Los Angeles High School, where he took poetry and short story writing courses that furthered his interest in writing, but he did not attend college.

He did not attend college. Instead, he sold newspapers at the corner of South Norton Avenue and Olympic Boulevard. "Libraries raised me," he later said. "I believe in libraries because most students don't have any money. When I graduated from high school, it was during the Depression, and we had no money. I couldn't go to college, so I went to the library three days a week for 10 years."

Career

For Today, Tomorrow and Beyond Tomorrow 1972, When Elephants Last in the Dooryard Bloomed (poetry) 1972, The Small Assassin 1973, Zen and the Art of Writing 1973, Mars and the Mind of Man 1973, The Son of Richard III 1974, Long After Midnight (stories) 1976, Pillar of Fire and Other Plays 1976, Where Robot Mice and Robot Men Run Round in Robot Towns, New Poems Both Light and Dark 1977, Beyond 1984 1979, The Stories of Ray Bradbury 1980, The Ghosts of Forever 1981, The Haunted Computer and the Android Pope 1981, The Last Circus 1981, The Complete Poems of Ray Bradbury 1982, The Love Affair 1983, The Dinosaur Tales 1983, A Memory for Murder 1984, Forever and the Earth 1984, Death is a Lonely Business 1985, The Toynbee Convector 1989, A Graveyard for Lunatics 1990. President Science-Fantasy Writers of America 1951-1953.

Achievements

  • For his life Bradbury has created more than eight hundred different novels and short stories, hundreds of short stories, dozens of plays, a number of articles, notes and poems. His story became the basis of several screenings, theater, and musical compositions.

Works

  • novel

    • The Martian Chronicles

    • Fahrenheit 451

    • Something Wicked This Way Comes

    • Death is a Lonely Business

    • A Graveyard for Lunatics

    • Green Shadows, White Whale

    • From the Dust Returned

    • Let’s All Kill Constance

    • Farewell Summer

    • Dandelion Wine

Religion

Bradbury drew from many, if not all, of the world's religions. He once vaguely identified as a Buddhist, but would probably be more accurately described as intensely spiritual.

Politics

Bradbury favored small, or close to non-existent, government. He favored George W. Bush over Bill Clinton, indicating an affinity to the right. He was a major supporter of public libraries and feared the "technological revolution."

Views

Though he lived in Los Angeles, Bradbury never obtained a driver's licensebut relied on public transportation or his bicycle.

Membership

  • Screen Writers Guild

  • Sci. Fantasy Writers American

  • Pacific Art Foundation (vice president)

  • Writers Guild American (screen writers board)

Interests

  • Politicians

    He favoured George W. Bush over Bill Clinton

  • Writers

    Was greatly influenced by the writings of Edgar Allan Poe.

  • Music & Bands

    American folk music

Connections

He is married and has 4 daughters.

father:
Leonard Spaulding Bradbury - English
Leonard Spaulding Bradbury - father of Ray Bradbury

His father was a lineman for the electric company. He was greatly influenced by his Aunt Neva, a costume designer and dressmaker, who took him to plays and encouraged him to use his imagination.

mother:
Esther Marie Moberg Bradbury - Sweden

wife:
Marguerite Susan McClure
Marguerite Susan McClure - wife of Ray Bradbury

Marguerite Susan McClure was born on January 16, 1922, the only child of Lonal and Anna McClure. Marguerite McClure attended school in Los Angeles and later enrolled at UCLA where she studied English and Spanish. Marguerite met Ray in 1946 while working as a clerk in a LA bookshop. They were married on September 27, 1947 and eventually had four daughters (Susan, Ramona, Bettina and Alexandra) and eight grandchildren. They lived in Los Angeles. Maggie, as she was affectionately called, was the only woman Bradbury ever dated.