Roald Dahl is a British writer, a popular author of ingenious, irreverent children’s books.A writer of both children's fiction and short stories for adults, Roald Dahl is best known as the author of the 1964 children's book "Charlie and the Chocolate Factory" (he also wrote the script for the 1971 movie version). Dahl has been described as a master of story construction with a remarkable ability to weave a tale.
Roald Dahl was born at 32 Fairwater Road, Llandaff, Cardiff, Wales in 1916, to Norwegian parents, Harald Dahl and Sofie Magdalene Dahl. Dahl's family moved from Norway and settled in Cardiff in the 1880s. Roald was named after the polar explorer Roald Amundsen, a national hero in Norway at the time. He spoke Norwegian at home with his parents and sisters. Dahl and his sisters were christened at the Norwegian Church, Cardiff, where their parents worshipped.
This was a boarding school, and for the first time Roald would be away from his family overnight. He did not like it at this school, and with very good reason. The head matron at St.Peter’s did not like him and she was supposedly a very cruel woman.In his book, ”Matilda”, Roald based the character of Ms. Trunchbull, the principle who dislikes children, on Captain Hardcastle. Because he felt so alone and homesick, Roald wrote over six hundred letters home to his mother, Sofie, during his stay at St.Peter’s.
Roald got interested in photography. This was not a very easy hobby to have at the time.His memories from school are mostly bad, of beatings, the torture of new boys and other miseries. But his memories weren't all bad. He based one of his most popular children's books on a good memory from Repton, the chocolate bar inventions from the local chocolate factory which the boys were to sample and critique. This,of course,resulted in ”Charlie and the Chocolate Factory”. Roald was not an academically good student, in fact he was one of the bottom students of his class. Sports, on the other hand, was one of his strong points at Repton.
He worked from 1937 to 1939 in Dar es Salaam, Tanganyika (now in Tanzania), but he enlisted in the Royal Air Force (RAF) when World War II broke out. Flying as a fighter pilot, he was seriously injured in a crash landing in Libya. He served with his squadron in Greece and then in Syria before doing a stint (1942–43) as assistant air attaché in Washington, D.C. (during which time he also served as a spy for the British government). There the novelist C.S. Forester encouraged him to write about his most exciting RAF adventures, which were published by the Saturday Evening Post.
James and the Giant Peach
Charlie and the Chocolate Factory
British Security Coordination
Rudyard Kipling, Captain Marryat, H. Rider Haggarrd
Sport & Clubs
Cricket and swimming,football
Paintings, furniture and gardening, photography
Dahl married American actress Patricia Neal. The two were married for thirty years and had five children together.
Recipient Edgar Allen Poe award Mystery Writers American Society,
Wins Edgar Allen Poe award and Mystery Writers Wins Edgar Allen Poe award and Mystery Writers of America award(1954)
New England Round Table of Children's Librarians Award,
(1972)Wins New England Round Table of Children'(1972)Wins New England Round Table of Children's Librarians Award (for Charlie and the Chocolate Factory).
West Australian Award
(1986) Wins West Australian Award (for The Witc(1986) Wins West Australian Award (for The Witches) and International Board on Books for Young People awards for Norwegian and German translations (for The BFG).