Bachelor of Engineering, LaCrosse State Teachers College, 1933; the Master of Philisophy, University of Wisconsin, 1936; Doctor of Philosophy, University Wisconsin, 1939.
Social science teacher, Cashton (Wisconsin) High School, 1933-1935; assistant in history, University of Wisconsin, 1936-1938; assistant professor of history, De Paul University, Chicago, 1939-1943; associate professor, De Paul U., 1943-1945; professor of history, De Paul U., 1945-1980; emeritus professor, De Paul U., since 1980; department chairman, De Paul U., 1945-1956, 67-76; dean university college, De Paul U., 1955-1971. Fellow in history University of Wisconsin, 1938-1939.
Member American Association of University Professors (chapter secretary 1947-1948), American History Association, Organisation American Historians, Wisconsin History Society.
Married Frances Katherine Clements, January 2, 1936 (deceased January 1972). Children: Mary Ann, Margaret Frances. Married Elizabeth Zevnik Dunne, December 16, 1972.