Bachelor of Medicine Bachelor of Surgery, Glasgow (Scotland) U., 1964; diploma bacteriology, London School Hygene/Tropical, Medicine, 1969.
Staff bacteriologist, The Hospital of Sick Children, Toronto, Canada, 1970-1987; bacteriologist-in-chief, The Hospital of Sick Children, Toronto, Canada, 1987-1988; deputy microbiologist-in-chief, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, 1988-1991; microbiologist-in-chief, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, 1991-1996; senior consultant in microbiology, King Fahad National Guard Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, since 1996. Professor of microbiology U. Toronto, 1994.
Member British Medical Council, Medical Council of Canada, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (examiner 1980-1986), Royal College of Pathology.
Married Lois M. Mercer. Children: Leslie, Ian.