Kirkland, Samuel was born on December 1, 1741 in Norwich, Connecticut, United States. Son of Review Daniel and Mary (Perkins) Kirkland.
Bachelor of Arts in absentia, College of New Jersey (now Princeton), 1765.
Ordained minister Congregational Church, Lebanon, Connecticut, 1766. Began 40 year career working with Oneida Indians, establishing church, teaching habits of industry, 1766. Placed himself under charge of Boston Commissioners of Honorable Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge, 1770.
Instrumental in preventing Lord Dunmore’s War from becoming general Indian uprising, 1774-1775. Obtained general declaration of neutrality from the Six Nations, 1775. Rebuilt the church, 1784.
Granted 4,000 acres by Indians and New York State in recognition of his services, 1788. Brought together council of the Six Nations, persuaded council to send large delegation of chiefs to Philadelphia to negotiate with United States Government, resulting in continued friendly relations between the Six Nations and United States, 1792-1793. Founded Hamilton College (orginally Hamilton Oneida Academy for Indians), 1793.
Married Jerusha Bingham, September 19, 1769, 1 son, John Thorton.