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Sigmund Freud Edit Profile

Neurologist , psychoanalyst

was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst.

Background

Freud was born to Galician Jewish parents in the Moravian town of Freiberg, in the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

Education

In 1865, the nine-year-old Freud entered the Leopoldstädter Kommunal-Realgymnasium, a prominent high school. He proved an outstanding pupil and graduated from the Matura in 1873 with honors. He loved literature and was proficient in German, French, Italian, Spanish, English, Hebrew, Latin and Greek.

Freud entered the University of Vienna at age 17. He had planned to study law, but joined the medical faculty at the university, where his studies included philosophy under Franz Brentano, physiology under Ernst Brücke, and zoology under Darwinist professor Carl Claus. In 1876, Freud spent four weeks at Claus's zoological research station in Trieste, dissecting hundreds of eels in an inconclusive search for their male reproductive organs.He graduated with an MD in 1881.

Career

In 1882, Freud began his medical career at the Vienna General Hospital. His research work in cerebral anatomy led to the publication of a seminal paper on the palliative effects of cocaine in 1884 and his work on aphasia would form the basis of his first book On the Aphasias: a Critical Study, published in 1891. Over a three-year period, Freud worked in various departments of the hospital. His time spent in Theodor Meynert's psychiatric clinic and as a locum in a local asylum led to an increased interest in clinical work. His substantial body of published research led to his appointment as a university lecturer or docent in neuropathology in 1885, a non-salaried post but one which entitled him to give lectures at the University of Vienna.

In 1886, Freud resigned his hospital post and entered private practice specializing in "nervous disorders".

Works

  • Other Work

    • Author: On the Psychological Mechanism of Hysterical Phenomena, 1893. Studient über Hysteria, 1895. The Interpretation of Dreams, 1900.The Psychopathology of Everyday Life, 1904. Totem and Taboo, 1913. The Ego and the Id, 1923.Moses and Monotheism, 1939.

Views

Freud proposed that the human psyche could be divided into three parts: Id, ego and super-ego.

Freud believed that the human psyche is subject to two conflicting drives: the life drive or libido and the death drive.

Membership

Member of Royal Society, 1936.

Connections

Married Martha Bernays, 1886, 6 children including Anna.

spouse:
Martha Bernays