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Thomas Hart Benton

senator

Thomas Hart Benton, American senator. member United States Senate (Democrat) from Missouri, 1821-1851, supported sound money, (called “Old Bullion”), Jackson’s position in National Bank dispute, strong spokesman for Western expansion; member United States House of Representatives from Missouri, 33d Congress, 1853-1855.

Background

Benton, Thomas Hart was born on March 14, 1782 in Hillsboro, North Carolina, United States. Son of Colonel Jesse and Ann (Gooch) Benton.

Career

Editor Mo.

Achievements

  • His victories included abolition of the government fur-trading system, marking of the Santa Fe Trail, passage of pre-emption laws for frontier settlers, and the soldier-settler plan that defeated the Seminoles in Florida.

Works

  • study of the Dred Scott case

    • Historical and Legal Examination (1858)

  • the sixteen-volume work

    • Abridgment of the Debates in Congress from 1789 to 1856 (1857-1863)

  • two-volume memoir

    • Thirty Years' View (1854-1856)

Membership

Member United States Senate (Democrat) from Missouri, 1821-1851, supported sound money, (called “Old Bullion”), Jackson’s position in National Bank dispute, strong spokesman for Western expansion. Member United States House of Representatives from Missouri, 33d Congress, 1853-1855.

Connections

Married Elizabeth McDowell, 1821, 4 children, including Jessie (Benton) Fremont.

father:
Colonel Jesse Benton

mother:
Ann (Gooch) Benton

spouse:
Elizabeth McDowell