Walter CHRISTALLER, German economist. Gold Medal,
Sweden; Honorary Fellow, Association American Geographers.
CHRISTALLER, Walter was born in 1893 in Bavaria, Germany.
Student, University Heidelberg, 1913-1914. Doctor of Philosophy University Erlangen, 1933.
Following in the footsteps of Thiinen and Alfred Weber, Christaller developed an abstract theory of the location of cities, emphasising tertiary activities (whereas Thiinen and Weber had focussed on the primary and secondary sectors), which reached the conclusion that cities tend to be located in the centre of hexagonal market areas. This theory has had a major impact on economic geography and even as Thiinen has been called ‘the father of location theory’, Christaller has been dubbed ‘the father of theoretical geography’. City planner, Minicipality Berlin, 1921-1930.