Bachelor of Arts cum laude, Brooklyn College, 1948; M.I.A., Columbia University, 1950; Doctor of Philosophy, Harvard University, 1968.
Commissioned foreign service officer Department State, 1951. Vice-consul, principal officer American Consulate, Merida, Mexico, 1951—1953. 2d secretary American Embassy, Mexico, 1953—1956.
Chief Soviet foreign economic Bureau Intelligence Research, Washington, 1957—1959. 1st secretary United States missions to North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Organization of European Cooperation and Development, Paris, 1959-1964. Counselor American Embassy, Moscow, 1964-1966.
Director office of Organization of European Cooperation and Development European Communities and Atlantic Political Economic Affairs, Washington, 1967-1974. Deputy chief of mission Organization of European Cooperation and Development, Paris, 1974-1978. Deputy assistant secretary for international economic policy and research Department Commerce, Washington, 1978-1980, assistant secretary international economic policy, 1980-1981.
United States representative, ambassador Organization of European Cooperation and Development, Paris, 1981-1984. President United States Council International Business, 1984-1999, president emeritus, since 1999. Employer member governor body International Labor Organization, 1984-1999.
Vice president International Organization Employers, 1984-1999.
President International Organization Employers, since 2006. Member American Political Science Association, Association Advancement Slavic Studies, American Foreign Service Association, American Association Comparative Economic Studies, Council Foreign Relations, International Organization Employers (president 2006), Cosmos Club, Harvard Club, B'nai Brith, Century Association.
Children: Tamar, Jonathan, Naomi. Married Marion Scheinberger, July 29, 1996.