In 1889, with the help and backing of Clarendon Street Church, he founded Gordon Bible Institute and served as its first president His wife, Maria, was secretary and treasurer until 1908. Gordon"s school was founded primarily to train missionaries for work in the Congo.
Gordon experienced a Christian conversion at age 15 and thereafter sought to become a pastor. In 1869, he became pastor of Clarendon Street Baptist Church in Boston, a fairly affluent church. Under Gordon"s leadership, Clarendon Street Church was described as "one of the most spiritual and aggressive in America".
The church is no longer in operation.
Every summer Gordon returned to his hometown in New Hampshire and often preached at the Dana Meeting House. Gordon became suddenly ill with influenza and bronchitis and died at age 59 on February 2, 1895.
He is buried in Forest Hills Cemetery. A son, Ernest Barron Gordon, published a biography of his father in 1896, titled Adoniram Judson Gordon, a Biography with Letters and Illustrative Extracts Drawn from Unpublished or Uncollected Sermons and Addresses, which is still in print.
Gordon edited two hymn books and wrote the hymn tunes for at least fifteen hymns, including "My Jesus, I Love Thee," a hymn that has been included in nearly every evangelical hymnal published from 1876 to the present time.
His most remembered work is probably The Ministry of Healing, a highly revered book on divine healing—physical, mental, and spiritual. Gordon located healing in Christ"s Atonement, meaning it was universally available through faith in Christ. He prayed for the sick privately, however, and did not integrate healing into his regular church ministry.
The Ministry of Healing became a standard work among early Pentecostals.
One of his most often-quoted sayings still is "You can do more than pray after you have prayed, but you cannot do more than pray until you have prayed.".
Married Maria Hale, 1863, 8 children.