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Aksel Yanovich KIPPER


Aksel KIPPER, USSR Astrophysicist. Professor, since 1946; full member, Estonia Academy of Sciences, since 1946; Director, Institute of Physics and Astronomy, Estonia Academy of Sciences, since 1950.


KIPPER, Aksel was born in 1907.


1930 graduated Tartu University.


1930-1944 at Tartu Astronomical Observatory. Since 1941 simultaneously at Tartu University. 1946-1950 V.-President, Estonia Academy of Sciences.

Specialist in astronomy and quantum mechanics. Studied: dynamics of cepheids. Radiation processes of solar and stellar atmospheres.

Biphoton processes; origin of the magnetic fields of the sun and stars.


There is no solid or tangible evidence for God nor a logical argument for God. The existence of God is taken on faith and not by evidence.


Marxism–Leninism as the only truth could not, by its very nature, become outdated.