Bachelor of Arts, Harvard, 1945; Master of Arts, University California-Berkeley, 1952.
Alfred Hertz Memorial Traveling fellow in music, Vienna, Austria, 1952-1953; Assistant music critic, Boston Herald, 1944-1945; Assistant music critic, New York Sun, 1947-1948; contributor, American Record Guide, 1947-1961; contributor, Saturday Review, 1952-1953; contributor, Museum American, 1955-1961; contributor, Museum Quarterly, 1957-1958; teacher music, University of California at Berkeley, 1950-1958; program and music director, Pacifica Foundation, FM radio, 1953-1961; assistant music critic, New York Times, 1961-1963; chief music critic, editor, New York Herald Tribune, 1963-1966; music critic, editor, New York World Journal Tribune, 1966-1967; contributing editor, Time magazine, 1967-1968; music and drama critic, arts editor, New York magazine, 1968-1981; contributing editor, New York magazine, 1981-1983; music critic, arts editor, California (formerly New West magazine), 1979-1983; contributing editor, California (formerly New West magazine), 1983-1985; general editor, Newsweek magazine, New York City, 1983-1987; music critic, Los Angeles Herald Examiner, 1987-1989; music critic, Los Angeles Daily News, 1989-1992; music critic, Los Angeles Weekly, since 1992. Teacher New School for Social Research, 1972-1975, 77-79, University of Southern California School Journalism, 1980-1982, California Institute Art, 1982-1994, University of California at Los Angeles, 1990-1991. Artist-in-residence Davis Center for Performing Arts CUNY, 1975-1976.
Member Music Critics Circle New York (secretary 1961-1963, chairman 1963-1964), New York Drama Critics Circle, American Theatre Critics Association, Music Critics Association, Poets, Playwrights, Editors, Essayists and Novelists association.