Bachelor, Princeton University, 1960. Master of Arts, Harvard University, 1964.
With United States Department State, Washington and Hong Kong, 1964-1974. Director Office of Japanese Affairs, Washington, 1978-1980. Deputy assistant secretary, deputy spokesman Department State, 1981-1985.
Member staff National Security Council, Washington, 1976-1977. Member policy planning staff Department State, 1977-1978. Visiting senior fellow Council Foreign Relations, New York City, 1980-1981, senior fellow, since 1985.
Served to lieutenant (junior grade) United States Naval Reserve, 1960-1962.
Married Elaine Ehrenfeld, August 7, 1960. Children: Jonathan H., Laura M.