Master of Arts, University Cambridge, England, 1966. Master of Arts, University Ghana, 1968. Doctor of Philosophy, University Leeds, England, 1972.
Lecturer University Ghana, 1968-1969, University Leeds, England, 1969-1970, University Stirling, 1970-1978. Director general Africa Centre, London, 1978-1984. Chapman fellow Institute Commonwealth Studies, 1984-1985.
Special assistant secretary general Association Commonwealth University, 1985-1987. Director literature Arts Council Great Britain, 1987-1994, Arts Council England, 1994-1997, British Council, 1997-2001. Principal King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Foundation of St. Catharine's, Windsor, England, since 2001.
Chairman United Kingdom Council Overseas Student Affairs, 1987-1992. Member Booker Prize Judges, United Kingdom, 1994.
Married Helen Margaret Trow. Children: Isabella, Alexander.