He attended the public schools and Grand River Institute in Austinburg, Ohio. He was graduated from the medical department of the Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1856 and commenced the practice of medicine in Clintonville, Pennsylvania.
He moved to Cherrytree, Pennsylvania, and practiced his profession until 1861, when he retired in order to devote his entire time to the production of oil and to agricultural pursuits. During the American Civil War, he served as a volunteer surgeon. Egbert was elected as a Democrat to the Forty-fourth Congress.
He served as chairman of the United States House Committee on Mileage during this Congress.
He declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1876. He resumed his former business pursuits, and died in Franklin, Pennsylvania.
Interment in Franklin Cemetery.
Member United States House