1918 graduated Higher Technology School, Moscow.
1918-1936 at Central Aerodynamics Institute. Early 1930's visited aviation plants in United States of America. 1934 headed engineer group which designed and built the twinengined, all-metal, SB high-speed bomber.
Since 1936 Acting Chief Designer, Experimental Aircraft Construction Plant, Central Institute of Aerodynamics and Hydrodynamics, where in 1939 he supervised construction of the twin-engined, all-metal, AR-2 high-speed bomber. 1942 Chief Designer, Kazan Bomber Plant, where he directed modification of four-engined TB-7 heavy bomber. 1947-1955 participated in a number of jet bomber projects and in the development of the Trade-Union-104 jet passenger plane.
Since 1955 has been working with Tupolev on the development extra-heavy jet passenger planes. 1959 at opening of Soviet Exhibition in New York. Since 1957 Deputy, Moscow City Soviet.
Religions encourage war and violence to promote their religious goals.
The emphasis on peaceful coexistence doesn’t mean that the Soviet Union accepted a static world with clear lines. Socialism is inevitable and the "correlations of forces" were moving towards socialism.