1900 graduated Physico-Mathematical Faculty, Moscow University.
1900-1917 at Moscow University and other higher education and science institutions in Moscow. One of organizers of Tbilisi University and Georgia Geography Society. 1917 Professor, Tbilisi Polytechn.
Institute; 1918 Director, Chair of Geography, Tbilisi University. 1945 sponsored founding of Geography Institute, Georgia Academy of Sciences. 1947 member, Learned Council, USSR Geography Society, and 1955 honorary member of this society.
Until 1917 conducted research in anthropology. PubL: “Antropologiya Gruzii” (The Anthropology of Georgia) (1908-1914). “Geografiya Gruzii” (The Geography of Georgia) (1926).
“Geomorfologicheskie rayony Gruzinskoy Soviet Socialist Republic, tipy relefa i rayony ikh rasprostraneniya” (Geomorphological Areas of the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic, Types of Relief and Areas of their Distribution) (1947). Important climatological investigations, cartographical works, publications on general theoretical geographical and history geographical analysis, etc.
Religiously inspired people justify violence, resist social changes, and attack on science.