1915 graduated Physico-Mathematical Faculty, Odessa University.
Specialist in theory of electrochemical processes and surface phenomena. Proved applicability of Gibbs’ thermodynamical equation to real adsorption phenomena. Developed quantitative theory of effects of an electrical field on adsorption of molecules.
Deduced equation for distribution of corrosion process in cylindrical tubes, etc. 1916 laboratory worker, Odessa metallurgical plant. 1917-1920 worked as grant-aided lecturer for Professor, title, Chemistry Department, Odessa University.
1920-1922 Professor, Odessa Institute of Public Education. 1922-1946 science associate, then Head, Chair of Surface Phenomena, Moscow Physicochemical Institute. 1928-1929 read course of lectures in colloidal chemistry at Wisconsin University, United States of America.
1929-1944 Deputy Director in charge of science work, Moscow Physicochemical Institute. 1935-1939 simultaneously Presidium member, USSR Academy of Science, and 1939-1949 Director, Physicochemical Institute (until 1945 the Institute of Colloidal Electrochemistry), USSR Academy of Science. 1939-1945 simultaneously Head, Laboratory of Electrode Processes.
1946 Head, Electrochemistry Department, then 1949-1958 science associate, Physicochemical Institute, USSR Academy of Science.
Religion is bad because it obstructs scientific research.