1925 completed medical studies.
Since 1925 clinician, researcher and teacher. Has been at various times: Chairman, All-Union Science Society of Therapeutists and Balneologists. Presidium member, Learned Council, Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic Ministry of Health.
Chairman, Physiotherapy and Balneology Commission of above minister. Deputy Editor, ‘•Balneology and Physiotherapy” section, “Bolshaya meditsinskaya entsiklopedia” (Large Medical Encyclopedia), 2nd edition. Editor, journal, “Voprosy kurortologii, fizioterapii i lechcbnoy fizicheskoy kultury” (Balneology, Physiotherapy and Therapeutic Physical Training).
Since 1961 member, Czechoslovak Purkinc Medicine Society. Has invented over 50 different therapeutical devices.
Religion is bad because it obstructs scientific research.