Doctor of Medicine, University Siena, 1978. Degree in Neurology, University Siena, 1986. Doctor of Philosophy, University Siena, 1988.
Research physiologist University Siena, 1978-1982, research neurologist, 1983-1992, professor physiology, since 1992. Research physiologist University Pisa, Italy, 1982-1983. Consultant Elsevier eds, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, since 1992, Uman Frotier Science Program Organization, Strasbourg, France, since 1997.
Board directors Hum. Neurophysiol. Unit, Siena, since 1998.
Member Italian Neurosci. Association, Club Hoffmann.
Married Antonella Pacchierini, May 19, 1979. Children: Sara, Andrea, Elisabetta.