Bachelor of Arts, Brooklyn College, 1950; Master of Arts, Yale University, 1954; Doctor of Philosophy, Yale University, 1958.
Member faculty, Yale University, 1952-1955; Member faculty, Wesleyan University, 1955-1961; member of faculty, Hunter College, New York City, since 1961; professor Romance languages, Hunter College, since 1971; department chairman, Hunter College, 1970-1977. Translater plays, book reviewer.
Member Modern Language Association, American Association Teachers French (president Metropolitan chapter 1978-1982), Poets, Playwrights, Editors, Essayists and Novelists association (syndicated fiction award for short story 1983), American Comparative Literature Association, Society des Professeurs de Francais en Amerique, Les Amis de George Sand (editor journal), Dramatists Guild, National Book Critics Circle, Century Association, Phi Beta Kappa (president Hunter Colll. chapter since 1982), Pi Delta Phi, Sigma Delta Pi.