Alexander Graham Bell was the second son of Alexander Melville Bell and Eliza Grace Symmonds Bell. He was named after his grandfather, and his middle name "Graham" was added when he was 10 in honor of the family friend Alexander Graham, whom he respected very much. His hometown of Edinburgh was thought to be "Athens of the North" due to its rich science culture. In combination with his family, these had great influence on Alexander's youth, which will show later in his life. His mother was nearly deaf but managed to became a reputable pianist, and his father and grandfather were teaching elocution to the deaf, which very much influenced Alexander's career.