Alexander Chizhevsky was born on February 7, 1897 in the village of Ciechanowiec, at that time Grodno Governorate of the Russian Empire (today’s Poland) into the family a military man. His father Leonid Vasilievich Chizhevsky was a Russian military general, captain of artillery, and inventor. He invented commander's goniometer for firing from closed positions and the device for destroying wire barriers. Chizhevsky’s mother Nadezhda Alexandrovna died of tuberculosis, when the boy was several months old, and Chizhevsky was brought up by his aunt and grandmother. Alexander was a frail boy, and his relatives often took him to long trips abroad – Italy, Southern France, Greece, Egypt. In 1913, the family moved to Kaluga, where he spent his early years, and later teenage years. His father bought a residence on Ivanovskaya street.