In 1983 he was awarded the Candidate of Sciences degree for researching the role of energy imports in shaping the foreign policy of Japan.
He served as Provost of Moscow State Institute of International Relations (2010–2012), editor-in-chief of the International Trends (2002–2012), director of the Academic Educational Forum on International Relations (2000–2011). In 2003 - 2006 he was a Nezavisimaya Gazeta columnist. According to Google Scholar, Alexei Bogaturov has a h-index of 11.
In 1996 he was awarded the Doctor of Sciences degree for a dissertation on Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics - United States (Russia - United States) relations in East Asia in 1945 - 1995.
This research resulted in his major work, The Great Powers at the Pacific Ocean (1945 - 1995), published in 1997. He has been a MGIMO Professor since 1999.
Chairman, International Trends editorial board (since 2012) President, Academic Forum on International Relations (since 2011) Provost, MGIMO (2010 - 2012) Editor-in-chief, International Trends (2002 - 2012) Director, Academic Forum on International Relations (2000 - 2011) Vice Rector for Educational Program Development, MGIMO (2007 - 2010) Associate Director, Institute of International Security Studies (2004 - 2013) Associate Director, Institute for United States and Canadian Studies (2000 - 2003) Dean, MGIMO Faculty of Political Science (2006 - 2007) Department Head, MGIMO Academic Department of International Problems" Applied Analysis (2006 - 2007) Alexei Bogaturov also worked at Moscow State University, Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Institute of Far Eastern Studies. He also held teaching and research positions at Columbia University, Princeton University and Brookings Institution.
He is an advisory board member of the Center for Global Politics, Berlin, Germany.